Pet Guide Aquariums and Terrariums – Care

In this section you will find valuable information about your cherished pet. Please select the required guide to learn more about your pet and find many helpful tips.

Aquarium for novices Part IV

Special lighting and heating in the tank offers fish and plants as natural as possible living conditions – and tropical ambience.

You need a water temperature which corresponds to the rivers and lakes of their origin, so that tropical and subtropical fish are happy in the aquarium. Two common types of aquarium heating provide adequate heat: The heating element and the floor heating cable. Heating elements can be attached upright to the rear tank wall with suction cups – you best hide them behind a water plant. The desired temperature can be set on a scale of the heating element – between 24 and 26 degrees Celsius depending on fish species. The water movement of the filter pump circulates the heat equally throughout the tank. The temperature should remain constant, although small fluctuations do not bother the fish. Important: use an aquarium thermometer for daily checks. The floor heating, in which a cable is buried in the ground, has the advantage that it is practically invisible, takes up little visual space and provides a better circulation of the tank and ground – and stimulates plant growth by heat from below. However, you have to clean out the entire aquarium for a repair. A heating element – floor spiral combination is also offered for tanks over 150 litres.

“Invisible” heat source

Open aquariums, which are lit by special hanging lamps, have a higher rate of heat loss – even if the room climate is improved by evaporation. Beginners are therefore advised to use an uncomplicated solution: an aquarium with a lid and integratedwith natural light and the complete colour spectrum heat the water a little – but mostly stimulate plant growth. These provide sufficient oxygen for the fish. If the cover has space for two fluorescent lights, it is best to combine a white with a warm tone light. The aquarium lights should be replaced once a year as their performance drops. It is recommended for two combined lights to change only one,  every six to seven months. Otherwise, the sudden brightness is too stressful for the fish. The sensitive underwater residents also appreciate it if they are adapted slowly to brightness in the morning and darkness at night by a dimmer – exactly as dawn and dusk initiate a change of light in nature. A timer always provides regular lighting in your aquarium. A day and night rhythm should be maintained exactly as in the tropics where the sun shines ca. ten to twelve hours. If you like to admire your fish at night, you must not wake them up too early in the morning…




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